The US Agency for International Development, created by executive order in 1961, is the principal US agency providing assistance to countries recovering from disaster, trying to escape poverty or engaging in democratic reform. USAID carries out US foreign policy by promoting broad-scale human progress while working to expand stable, free societies, to create markets and trade partners for the United States, and to foster good will abroad.
USAID works in over 100 countries to: promote broadly shared economic prosperity; strengthen democracy and good governance; improve global health, food security, environmental sustainability and education; help societies prevent and recover from conflicts; and provide humanitarian assistance in the wake of natural and man-made disasters.
USAID has run programs in Egypt since 1975. Current areas of focus include economic growth, job creation and poverty reduction; education; and health.