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    Guidelines for Entities, Persons to Confront Ransomware Attacks Sweeping World

    Cairo, 13 May 2017

    In light of the cyber-attacks of ransomware—called WannaCry and Jaff—that hit a number of countries around the world, including Egypt, the Vice President for Cybersecurity at the National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (NTRA) Sherif Hashem said that cybersecurity officials have been contacted in all the state’s vital sectors to ensure that precautionary measures are taken to protect those sectors from the virus. Hashem added that any entity or person exposed to such viruses can contact the Egyptian Computer Emergency Response Team (EG-CERT) by sending an e-mail to incident@egcert.eg.

    The virus spreads through e-mail messages—with malicious attachments—sent to users, which infects the user's device and exploits the vulnerability known as "MS17-010", infecting other devices on the same network, causing rapid spread. The virus can infect the electronic devices running Windows XP to R2008. If the user's device is infected with this cyber- attack, all files are encrypted and a ransom payment is demanded to decrypt files.
    Therefore, a number of guidelines for institutions and individuals have been issued:

    § Ensure that all users’ protection programs have been updated, making sure that MS17-010 patches are installed and ports no. 135 and 445 are closed.

    § Hackers use the following IP addresses:
    "213.61.66.116, 171.25.193.9, 163.172.35.247, 128.31.0.39, 185.97.32.18, 178.62.173.203, 136.243.176.148, 217.172.190.251, 94.23.173.93, 50.7.151.47, 83.162.202.182, 163.172.185.132, 163.172 .153.12, 62.138.7.231.

    Consequently, check if a connection between users' computers and above-mentioned addresses have been established through software and tools used to monitor and protect networks from cyber-attacks.

    § Raise user awareness of the seriousness of these types of cyber-attacks, ensure they don’t open e-mails’ malicious attachments from untrustworthy source and guarantee that those attachments are free from malicious programs through user's protection programs.

    § A copy of important files and electronic data must be saved periodically on an external device, separate from the network to be restored properly in case of infection.

    Hashem said that it is too early to estimate the extent of Egypt's vulnerability to cyber-attacks. He added that he presented a report to the Minister of Communications and Information Technology Yasser ElKady, and the Head of the High Council for Cyber-Security (HCC), entailing the nature of the attack, and security and protection measures that are currently being taken.






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