ÚÑÈí  25 Oct 2020

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  • Digital Egypt
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    1. Digital Egypt

    Digital Egypt

    In alignment with Egypt Vision 2030, and Egypt’s digital transformation strategy, the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT) has embarked on building Digital Egypt. Digital Egypt is an all-encompassing vision and plan, laying the foundations for the transformation of Egypt into a digital society. To usher this transition to a digital society and build a strong digital economy, "Digital Egypt" is built on three main planks:

    § Digital Transformation
    § Digital Skills and Jobs 
    § Digital Innovation

    These three pillars are standing on two extremely important bases:

    § Digital Infrastructure
    § Legislative/Regulatory Framework

    Digital Transformation
    Recognizing the ICT role in developing the public sector for the advancement and improvement of services delivered to citizens, MCIT seeks to create public value, in terms of value for individuals through easy access to government transactions and information, and value for government in terms of doing more for less.

    Egypt has been adopting a robust strategy and strong course of action in transforming the existing government services and community ecosystem to an entirely digital and data driven ecosystem, to provide public services in a faster and simpler way. The digital services have been started in Port Said, as a pilot project.

    Digital Transformation in Port Said
    Phase one of the digital transformation project was implemented in mid-2019 as a pilot project in Port Said City, starting with digitizing 30 services. Currently, a number of 155 digital government services are being provided, with the project to expand to other governorates. Several e-services were developed and launched for a number of entities, including law enforcement, notarization, personal status, family courts, supply, electricity, agriculture, traffic, real estate registration, Mortgage Finance Fund (MFF), and the General Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI). The project has been completed in Port Said, and the same services are being deployed nationwide.

    Digital Transformation Nationwide
    A number of 170 public services will be provided to citizens digitally nationwide. In cooperation with other ministries, four sets of services, including 36 digital services, are being rolled out nationwide, namely the traffic, notarization, supply and investment services. Egyptian citizens, anywhere in the country, will be able to receive these services in a digital format, through five channels: e-portals, mobile applications, service centers, call centers and ENPO offices and kiosks. Access to these platforms is through the citizen's Digital Identity.

    "Egypt Digital e-platform" has been launched, through which public services are provided online.

    Digital Egypt Justice
    The law enforcement system automation “Digital Egypt Justice” is implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Justice. The two ministries cooperate in developing a comprehensive strategy, within the framework of the State’s efforts for building a digital society and putting the law enforcement system into effect, nationwide, through linking police stations with investigation bodies, represented in the Public Prosecution and different courts. The aim is to create a unified technological judicial system that contributes to facilitating litigation procedures and achieving complete justice.

    To learn more about digital legislative services, kindly click here.

    Digital Universities
    The project aims to transform Egyptian universities into smart digital ones. This includes developing universities’ ICT infrastructure and rendering digital services to students, represented in uploading curricula online and carrying out monthly assessments electronically. This is in addition to providing smart university applications, applying the Learning Management System (LMS) and implementing the innovative educational content initiative.

    To learn more about education projects, kindly click here.

    Universal Health Insurance Automation
    In 2019, a new health insurance system was launched, in cooperation with MCIT, the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Finance. The role of MCIT was to make sure the system is fully automated, all the way from the enrollment of citizens into the system, to receiving the service and the financial reconciliation pertaining to that service. The system is fully automated in Port Said and will be deployed nationwide.

    To learn more about health projects, kindly click here.

    Digital Skills and Jobs 
    Building the Egyptian citizen to be ready for the future and the digital transformation era is the first step in promoting Digital Egypt. A digital society can't be built without having the right level, the right expertise and the right number of human resources that will carry this mission.

    MCIT took into consideration providing training and building capacities of all society segments, including school and university students, graduates, professionals, women, and Persons with Disabilities (PwDs), in addition to Arab and African young people. MCIT seeks to expand Egypt's skill pool and experiences within the various specializations of the ICT industry.

    Digital Capacity Building Initiatives
    MCIT implements a number of initiatives and programs to develop digital skills in various technology fields, support innovation and promote entrepreneurship. The objectives of these initiatives are not only to meet the needs of the local market but also to qualify young people to compete internationally.

    The training programs and initiatives started with providing training to 4000 trainees on ICT fields, exceeded in 2019 to reach 13000 trainees. In 2020, the total number of targeted trainees is around 95,000, to be trained on different ICT specializations, including new agreements to upskill 50,000 trainees; current programs to upskill 20,000 trainees; and digital literacy programs to upskill 20,000 trainees.
    To learn more about MCIT digital capacity building initiatives, kindly click here.

    The provision of these training programs and initiatives requires doubling the capacity of training centers. The Knowledge City and Technology Hubs are, currently, being established for this purpose.

    Knowledge City
    MCIT is establishing the Knowledge City (phase one) in the New Administrative Capital, in cooperation with the Armed Forces Engineering Authority. The Knowledge City will include centers of research, science, innovation and entrepreneurship to develop software and smart applications, and Centers of Excellence (CoE) in advanced technologies such as: IoT, AI and integrated systems. It includes as well the Applied Innovation Center (AIC), and the National Academy of Information Technology for Persons with Disabilities (NAID). The first specialized ICT university in Africa and the Middle East will be established in this city.

    Innovation Hubs
    MCIT is, currently, establishing six technology innovation hubs, including branches of the training institutes affiliated to MCIT, inside Mansoura, Menoufia, Minia, Sohag, Aswan and South Valley (Qena) Universities. Each innovation hub contains specialized technology labs in software, integrated systems, electronic design, business incubators and shared workspaces for startups.

    Innovation hubs aim to nurture talented youth and support the transformation of innovative ICT-based ideas into commercially viable products or services, seeking to implant and disseminate the culture of technology innovation nationwide, while developing learning mechanisms through the innovative use of information technology.

    Skill Bank
    MCIT is building a skill bank that will serve as a repository for the entire skills of the ICT sector. Through the Skill Bank, integration with employment platforms can be achieved. Young people, however, can create profiles; and update their career path, skills and trainings, where they can receive coaching and mentoring from experts in the industry. The Skill Bank will also help monitor and understand better the impact of the various training initiatives and programs that MCIT is executing, in order to expand in some, and rectify what is not achieving the goals.

    Digital Innovation
    MCIT seeks to build and foster an ecosystem that encourages entrepreneurship and spurs creativity.

    Artificial Intelligence
    MCIT is keen on integrating advanced technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the digital system, and activating its applications in support of decision-making, within the framework of implementing the national AI strategy. Egypt’s AI Strategy seeks to create an AI Industry in Egypt, including the development of skills, technology, ecosystem, infrastructure and governance mechanisms to ensure its sustainability and competitiveness
    Egypt embarked on a number of key initiatives in 2019, including establishing an AI Applications Center that will focus on addressing Egypt’s development goals in the key sectors using AI, and forming the National AI Council, led by MCIT, which is the governing body for Egypt’s AI strategy.

    To learn more, kindly click here.

    Applied Innovation Center
    The Applied Innovation Center (AIC) has been established to promote the use of emerging technologies in tackling, analyzing and solving national challenges, with the aim to attain sustainable development in different sectors, including agriculture, healthcare and education, as well as developing the human capital and creating an enabling environment for the growth of innovative startups. It cooperates with global companies in specialized research projects to develop practical solutions to overcome the challenges facing the society and build advanced skills in various disciplines.

    Egypt’s Startup Eco-system
    MCIT supports Egyptian young entrepreneurs with newly-established startups, or those who are willing to turn their ideas into successful business, through providing fully-fledged incubation packages including financial support, in-kind services, mentors, needed software and hardware for ICT startups.

    It also supports startup growth and creates an innovation culture among Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Egypt. It helps them build their capacities to generate and implement innovative ideas for a better business future, through offering professional consultancy services, establishing public-private partnerships, or offering a free working and exchange space.

    According to a report by MAGNiTT, a renowned startup platform, Egypt recorded the highest number of startup funding and investment deals in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, during the first quarter of 2020, achieving 37% of the total number of deals.

    To learn more about initiatives and programs for promoting innovation and startup eco-system, kindly click here.

    Digital Infrastructure
    Developing the digital infrastructure is one of the bases upon which the three main pillars of Digital Egypt are built.

    Internet Speed
    MCIT has launched major projects to improve the fixed broadband services in Egypt. Investments with USD 1.6 billion were infused over the past two years to develop the ICT infrastructure, leading to boosting Internet speed to 30.9 Mbps, in March 2020, compared to 6.5 Mbps, in January 2019, according to Ookla’s Speedtest. This has led to improving Egypt's rank in Africa for Internet speed, to occupy the second place in 2020, compared to the 40th in 2019.

    Fiber- Optic Cables
    A new network of fiber optic cables is being established to connect 32,000 government buildings across the nation, with an investment of around EGP six billion within 36 months. A number of 5,300 government buildings have been connected through a fiber-optic network. It is to link the buildings with fiber optic cables rather than depending on the Internet, thus providing a more resilient service.

    National Center for ICT Services Quality Control and Monitoring
    The National Center for ICT Services Quality Control and Monitoring has been established to measure, periodically, the quality of voice and Internet services provided by telecommunication companies operating in Egypt. The Center also aims to achieve transparency by publishing monthly reports on the National Telecom Regulatory Authority (NTRA) official website, to update citizens and companies on the quality of services provided by telecommunication companies, thus helping citizens choose the strongest network in places where they live or work.

    Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    The Mobile Number Portability (MNP) service was launched after applying new regulations set by the National Telecom Regulatory Authority (NTRA), according to international standards. The service enables mobile telephone subscribers to retain their mobile telephone numbers when changing from one mobile network to another. The aim is to facilitate the transfer process for subscribers and reduce the time needed to switch between mobile networks, in a maximum of 24 hours.

    Legislative framework
    The legislative framework is to regulate this new digital society. The cybercrime law, the intellectual property, consumer protection and e-signature laws have been enacted. Two more laws, namely the data protection law and the e-commerce law are due to be enacted.

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