|In February 2003, the Telecom Act (Law 10/2003) was issued and ratified. The law regulates all types of telecommunications in Egypt through eighty-seven articles included in seven chapters.
The law empowered NTRA and defined its goals, responsibilities and structure. NTRA is managed by a board of seventeen members headed by MCIT. NTRA has full autonomy in terms of financing its activities and recruitment of staff. It also has the power to monitor performance of operators, penalize deviations from licenses as well as managing frequency utilization for commercial and governmental use.
The law also regulates the licensing procedures, permits for importation, manufacture or assembly of telecommunications equipment as well as frequency spectrum management sector. The fifth chapter of the law defined the status of the incumbent operator Telecom Egypt until the full liberalization of the Telecommunication sector by the end of 2005.
The law also describes cooperation between NTRA and other authorities for national security purposes. The seventh chapter deals with penalties for criminal acts related to telecommunications sector such as demolishing telecom networks infrastructure.