ÚÑÈí  26 Feb 2020

  • Telecommunications
  • Telecommunication Scene
  • Trade Agreements
    1. Telecom Act – Law 10/2003
    1. Telecommunications Policies
    1. Trade Agreements
    1. Telecom Reform Milestones
    1. Partnership with the Private Sector
    1. Consultations with the Private Sector

    Trade Agreements

    WTO Basic Telecom Agreement

    As part of the strategic direction to reform the sector and engage Egypt in the global information society, Egypt made commitments under the WTO-BTA (Basic Telecom Agreement) for the liberalization of the telecom sector in 2002. This milestone of reform triggered the following developments toward deregulation.

    §  Instant deregulation of the markets of data, Internet, and value-added services
    §  Full market liberalization was achieved by the end of 2005
    §  The deregulation of the mobile services market after the expiration of the four
    §  Year exclusivity period granted to the mobile operators in 1998
    §  A grace period for the deregulation of the international voice market was
    §  granted till the end of 2005
    §   Egypt has adopted a technology neutral approach to licensing of
    §  telecommunications services to allow for innovation
    §  There are no limitations on foreign capital participation in telecommunication companies.
    §  Licensed international investors are required to participate in the transfer of
    §  technology and development of local industry.

    Information Technology Agreement (ITA)

    In 2003, Egypt joined the WTO Information Technology Agreement for reducing custom tariffs on ICT related products. Since 2005, the IT sector has been enjoying a complete exemption from customs duties on the imports of its production inputs, such as raw materials and spare parts, in an attempt to both promote the sector and meet Egypt's commitments to a WTO Information Technology agreement.

    While the commitment of Egypt was to be implemented in 2005 through successive annual reductions of tariffs to 0 percent, Egypt chose to facilitate the process and remove customs on IT products as a part of the tariff reform process in 2004. The main objectives behind this reform were to promote innovation in ICT, increase demand on ICT products and create more job opportunities.
    Cooperation with the EU

    MCIT and the Delegation of the European Commission in Egypt launched the second phase of the New Approaches to Telecommunication Policy Program, funded by the European Commission at a budget of €4 million.

    The second phase of the New Approaches to Telecommunication Policy Program aims to provide practical advice to regulatory authorities in ten MEDA countries in order to assist regulatory authorities with telecommunications regulatory reform, based on the key principles of the EU regulatory framework for telecommunications. The meeting focused on developing regional cooperation between the regulatory authorities of the ten countries, as well as with the EU.


    Egypt is currently involved in negotiations for further liberalization of the telecom sector under the GAFTA (Greater Arab Free Trade Agreement).

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