Cybersecurity is information security applied to computers and computer networks. The field covers all the processes and mechanisms by which computer-based equipment, information and services are protected from unintended or unauthorized access, change or destruction.

The Egyptian Computer Emergency Readiness Team (EG-CERT), established by NTRA in April 2009, is staffed by a team of 40 full-time professionals and provides 24-hour support to protect critical information infrastructure. In 2012, EG-CERT provided support to entities across the ICT, banking and government sectors, helping them tackle cybersecurity threats including denial of service attacks.

EG-CERT is charged with providing computer and information security incident response, support, defense and analysis against cyber-attacks and collaboration with governmental, financial entities and any other critical information infrastructure sectors. EG-CERT also provides early warning against malware spreading and massive cyber-attacks against Egypt's telecom and information infrastructure.

EG-CERT consists of four main departments: Incident Handling, Cyber Forensics, Penetration Testing and Malware Analysis.

Incident Handling: The department handles the incidents and the attacks targeting the Egyptian critical information infrastructure, and mitigates cyber threats. This involves emergency readiness and preparedness in the most professional and skilled manner.

Cyber Forensics:  The department preserves the integrity of digital artifacts to be presented as evidence to the responsible entities. It seeks to recover, analyze and identify the evidence to estimate the potential impact of the malicious activity on the victim.

Penetration Testing: The department identifies the strengths and weaknesses of a network consisting of computers and network devices, maintaining both the integrity of the results and the stability of the systems being tested.

Malware Analysis: The department provides expertise in detecting and analyzing malicious software (malware). The reverse engineering process is used to identify, analyze and extract information from the collected malware. It conducts research using Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques to automatically detect and identify the malware and exploits.


- Provide support in protecting national critical information infrastructure, especially in both the ICT and financial sector

- Monitor incident response, undergoes forensics analysis, malware analysis and reverse engineering

- Enhance the security of Egypt's ICT Infrastructure through proactive action, gathering and analyzing information on security incidents, coordination and mediation between the interested parties in solving security incidents and international cooperation with other CERT-s

- Develop an appropriate legislative framework for cybersecurity, with the participation of the private sector and civil society and guided by relevant international expertise, experience and initiatives

- Develop an appropriate regulatory framework for cybersecurity, drawing on international experience to establish a national cybersecurity system and computer emergency response teams

- Establish the infrastructure necessary to ensure confidence in electronic transactions and protect digital identity, such as public key infrastructure and credit bureaus, with the participation of the private sector

- Develop and implement programs to build the necessary human capacity for activation of an e-services system across all sectors, in cooperation with the private sector, universities and NGOs

- Cooperate with other countries and relevant international organizations in the fields of cybersecurity and e-service provision

- Raise public awareness of the benefits of electronic services for individuals, businesses and institutions and the importance of cybersecurity


- In November 2017, EG-CERT participated in First-ITU Regional Symposium, ALERT Cyber Drill for Arab and African Regions

- In June 2017, Egypt ranked 14th world wide in ITU Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI)17 among a number of 165 of ITU Member States and ranked 2nd at the level of both Arab and African regions

- In March 2017, EG-CERT conducted assessment for UG-CERT to obtain “First” membership

- In November 2016, EG-CERT and NTRA hosted the Fifth Regional Cybersecurity Summit and FIRST Regional Symposium for Arab and African Regions

- In 2015, the Egyptian Supreme Cybersecurity Council (ESCC)) were created

- In December 2014, Egypt ranked 27th among 193 countries as reported by the ITU/ABI Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI)

- In December 2013, the new EG-CERT building was opened

- In November 2013, EG-CERT acquired membership in the Organization for Islamic Cooperation – Computer Emergency Response Team (OIC-CERT) Steering Committee

- In October 2013, EG-CERT ranked 3rd in the ITU Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI)

- In May 2013, the first Workshop for Cyber Security Researches was hosted under the auspices of the National Telecom Regulatory Authority (NTRA), at Smart Village to discuss the latest researches and developments in the field of cyber security

- In March 2013, the National Child Online Protection Committee was launched

- In 2012, EG-CERT gained full membership at the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST), the main international forum for CERT teams

- In 2012, EG-CERT provided support to entities across the ICT, banking and government sectors, helping them tackle cybersecurity threats including denial of service attacks

- In 2012, EG-CERT participated in cyber drills organized by the Asia Pacific Computer Emergency Response Team (APCERT), OICCERT, and the International Telecommunication Union and the International Multilateral Partnership against Cyber Threats (ITUIMPACT)

- In 2012, MCIT showcased the Egyptian Cybersecurity Framework at one of the main sessions of the Internet Governance Forum 2012, held in Azerbaijan

- In October 2012, MCIT participated in the Budapest Conference on Cyberspace, held in Hungary

- EG-CERT has in place cooperation agreements with the United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT), the Korea Internet and Security Agency (KISA) in Seoul and CyberSecurity Malaysia, and is member at the Organization of Islamic Cooperation Computer Emergency Response Team (OIC-CERT).

- MCIT also organized special missions to Finland and Estonia, to explore opportunities for cooperation in the area of cybersecurity with their CERTs as well as in the e-signature field

- In support of the government’s efforts to strengthen cooperation with the countries of Africa, EG-CERT ran a cybersecurity training program for a group from Uganda in November 2013, and MCIT welcomed special missions from Kenya and Sudan during the year

- MCIT showcased the Egyptian Cybersecurity Framework at one of the main sessions of the Internet Governance Forum 2012, held in Azerbaijan in November, and participated in the Budapest Conference on Cyberspace, held on 4-5 October 2012 in Hungary

- In June 2012, Egypt participated in the ITU Arab Regional Workshop on Child Online Protection, an ITU Arab Regional Workshop on “Legal Aspects of Child Online Protection in the Arab Region”, hosted in Algeria

- In December 2012, penetration testing service started

- In September 2009, Digital Forensic analysis service started

- In July 2009, 24/7 monitoring and incident response was available

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